The goal of IB is to provide students with the values and opportunities that will enable them to become creative, critical and reflective. MYP programme focuses on developing skills and attitudes, the understanding of the concepts and knowledge needed to participate in an increasingly global society. It emphasizes intellectual challenge, encouraging students to make connections between their studies in traditional subjects and the real world.
The International Baccalaureate (IB) Middle Years Programme (IB MYP) was originally developed by the International Schools Association and then further developed by schools during the early 1990s. It is a concept-driven programme (ages 11-16) for international schools and is now being taught and implemented worldwide, with considerable growth. The IB MYP relies on connecting classroom pedagogical practices and content to the world outside through the Global Contexts and the Learner Profile.
The IB Middle Years Programme at European school
The IB MYP has been taught at the European school since November 2012.
The European School adopted the IB MYP because the philosophy and objectives of this program reflect those of the school. In addition, the IB MYP
- is an international program with no bias towards any particular national system
- provides assessment, within the IB MYP subjects, which shares a common approach by being criterion-related and inquiry-based
- has strong, disciplinary and interdisciplinary elements
- supports curriculum development and external evaluation
A Concept-driven Curriculum
A concept is a big idea — a principle or conception that is enduring, the significance of which goes beyond aspects such as particular origins, subject matter or place in time. Concepts represent the vehicle for students’ inquiry into issues and ideas of personal, local and global significance, providing the means by which the essence of a subject can be explored. A concept-based model is used in the MYP because it encourages students to
- bring their personal intellect to the study as they use a key concept to personally focus on the unit topic in order to increase motivation for learning
- increase fluency with language as students use factual information to explain and support their deeper conceptual understanding
- achieve higher levels of critical, creative and conceptual thinking as students analyze complex global challenges.
Subject content is organized around themes or perspectives called Global Contexts. They are designed to encourage the students to make worthwhile connections between the real world and classroom learning.
MYP global contexts provide common points of entry for inquiries into what it means to be internationally minded, framing a curriculum that promotes multilingualism, intercultural understanding and global engagement.
Inquiring into subject content through a global context enables students to develop a deeper understanding of both the subject and its application in the real world. Repeated cycles of inquiry, action and reflection can lead students from academic knowledge towards practical understanding, developing positive attitudes towards learning as well as a sense of personal and social responsibility.
Approaches to Learning (ATL)
Through approaches to learning in IB programmes, students develop skills that have relevance across the curriculum that help them “learn how to learn”.
The focus of approaches to learning in the MYP is on helping students to develop the self- knowledge and skills they need to enjoy a lifetime of learning.
Every MYP unit identifies ATL skills that students will develop through their inquiry and demonstrate in the unit’s formative (if applicable) and summative assessments. Many ATL skills directly support the attainment of subject-group objectives.
Service as Action in MYP
Service as action is an element of MYP program, which helps IB learners to engage in local and global community, make connections between the things learnt in class and needs and problems in their surroundings. Based on the knowledge acquired at school and personal interests of the students, after becoming aware about the needs of the community students will take an action and participate in meaningful SA activities and projects, which will benefit the students and the society as well.
The Personal Project
The Personal Project (PP) is an extended, independent piece of project work completed by each student in the last year of the program, Grade 10.
Project topics may be creative or research-based and, ideally, they should reflect a student’s personal interest.
To celebrate the end of the PP process, the school annually holds a Personal Project Exhibition with presentations and performances.